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Gmat Verbal Section
What does It Include?

The verbal section in GMAT includes multiple-choice questions of 3 types: Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence Correction. This section is designed to measure your ability to read and understand written material, reason and evaluate arguments, and correct written material to fit standard written English.

Reading Comprehension questions
To answer these questions, you will be presented with reading passages of up to 350 words. The passages will deal with a variety of fields, such as social sciences, physics, biology, and business-related subjects such as marketing, economy, human resource management, and more. As the texts will include passages from multiple fields of knowledge, you will probably be familiar with some of the material. However, no specific knowledge of the material is required, and the questions must be answered based only on what is stated or implied in the reading material. The Reading Comprehension passages are accompanied by questions whose answers were implied in the passage, or which you must deduce, as well as questions in which you must apply or interpret the information you've read in order to answer correctly.

Reading Comprehension Questions are designed to measure the following abilities:
1. Understanding words and statements in the reading passages: this type of question measures your understanding and ability to understand terms used in the passage, as well as your understanding of English language.

2. Understanding the logical relationships between central points and ideas in the reading passage: in this type of question you will be asked to determine the argument's weak and strong points, or evaluate the importance of arguments and ideas in the text.

3. Drawing conclusions from facts and statements in the text: in this type of question, you will be asked to consider factual statements or information, and reach a general conclusion based on the given information.

4. Understanding and following the development of quantitative ideas as presented in written material: questions that require the interpretation of numerical data or use of simple math to reach conclusions regarding the content of the text.

Critical Reasoning questions
These questions are designed to measure the reasoning skills involved in presenting an argument, evaluating arguments, and formulating or evaluating an action plan. The questions are based on materials from a variety of sources. There is no need to be familiar with a specific subject to properly answer the questions.

Critical Reasoning questions are designed to measure your abilities in 3 areas:
1. Argument construction: in this type of question you will be asked to properly draw conclusions, identify the assumptions underlying arguments, draw hypotheses to be used as supportive explanations, or find parallels between structurally similar arguments.

2. Evaluating arguments: in this type of question you will be asked to analyze a given argument, identify factors that strengthen or weaken the argument, explain mistakes made in making the argument, or aspects of methods from which it derives.

3. Formulating and evaluating an action plan: in this type of question you will be asked to identify the suitability, effectiveness, or efficiency of various plans of action, identify factors that strengthen or weaken that proposed plan of action, or identify assumptions underlying the proposed plan.

Sentence Correction questions
In this type of question you will be asked to choose which of 5 options best expresses an idea or relationship. Answering these questions requires knowledge of the stylistic conventions and grammatical rules of written English. In addition, you must demonstrate your ability to correct or improve an incorrect or meaningless expression.

Sentence Correction questions are designed to measure two broad aspects of language proficiency:
1. Correct expression: a correct sentence is a syntactically and grammatically accurate sentence. This relates to all the rules of written English, such as verb-noun agreement, pronoun consistency, verb tense consistency, and more. A correct English sentence will not include dangling, misplaced, grammatically misplaced, or improperly formed modifiers. Also, an incorrect sentence will not include unidiomatic expressions, inconsistent expressions, or faulty parallel structures.

2. Effective expression: an effective sentence is one that expresses an idea or a relationship clearly and concisely, while maintaining accurate grammar. This does not mean that the distractor with the fewest, simplest words is necessarily the correct sentence, but that an effectiv e sentence will contain no needless complicated words or phrases. In addition, an effective sentence will use the standard dictionary meanings of words, and use words in the appropriate context. In evaluating the diction of a sentence, you must recognize whether or not the words are well-chosen, accurate, and right for the context.

The verbal section contains 41 multiple-choice questions, and you have 75 minutes to complete them.

 
 
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